Glaucoma is a degenerative disease that if left untreated can cause
permanent damage to the optic nerve resulting in gradual vision loss and
eventual blindness.
Damage to the optic nerve, due to glaucoma is usually cause by an elevated
intraocular pressure (IOP).  Clear fluid called aqueous humor provides
nourishment to the tissue and maintains the shape of the eye.  
Open Angle Glaucoma occurs when there is an increase in fluid production or a
decrease in fluid drainage resulting in a loss in peripheral vision.
Treatment - Treatment of this disease concentrates on lowering the pressure
inside the eye to prevent damage to the optic nerve.  Most commonly treatments
include the use of medication, laser therapy or surgery.
Medication
Eye drops are commonly used to control glaucoma, however, they can be very
expensive, messy and have unforeseen side effects.  Additionally the effect of
the medication may only be directly linked to the continual use of the medication.
Surgical Treatments
If medication does not help the glaucoma, ,surgery may be required to
create a new drainage channel.  Surgeries can relieve eye pressure by
removing tissue, inserting implants in the eye or both.
Laser Therapy
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty is an advanced laser system to target only
specific cells of the eye.  This leaves the surrounding tissue intact resulting in a
lower pressure to your eye.   The SLT works by using laser light to stimulate the
body's own healing response to lower eye pressure.  The laser affects only
pigmented cells of the eye.  This procedure only takes a few minutes and is done
within our office.


Glaucoma
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